EuschemonAndrew V. Z. Brower and Andrew Warren
Euschemon rafflesia is a large, brightly-colored Australian skipper with a feature unique in Hesperiidae: a frenulum and retinaculum joining the fore- and hindwing together. A similar structure is found in various moth groups.
Discussion of Phylogenetic RelationshipsThe combined analysis of Warren et al. (2009) implies that Euschemon is the sister taxon to all other skippers except Coeliadinae.
Warren, A. D., Ogawa, J. R. & Brower, A. V. Z. 2008. Phylogenetic relationships of subfamilies and circumscription of tribes in the family Hesperiidae (Lepidoptera: Hesperiodea). Cladistcs 24, 642-676.
Warren, A. D., Ogawa, J. R. & Brower, A. V. Z. 2009 Revised classification of the family Hesperiidae (Lepidoptera: Hesperioidea) based on combined molecular and morphological data. Systematic Entomology 34, 467-523.
About This Page
Middle Tennessee State University, Murfreesboro, Tennessee, USA
University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, USA
Correspondence regarding this page should be directed to Andrew V. Z. Brower at and Andrew Warren at
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- First online 21 February 2007
- Content changed 11 June 2009
Citing this page:
Brower, Andrew V. Z. and Andrew Warren. 2009. Euschemoninae http://tolweb.org/Euschemon_rafflesia/95273/2009.06.11 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/. Euschemon rafflesia . Euschemon . Version 11 June 2009 (under construction).